The use of expulsions for the alleged settlement of ethnic and religious conflicts is a global phenomenon. In twentieth-century Europe, the extreme nationalism and excessive violence of the World Wars led to massive expulsions and genocide. The consequences were immeasurable suffering and deep rifts between nations and peoples.
From the Caucasus over Kashmir to Kosovo: the Foundation addresses the fate of millions of people who were expelled from their homelands. In this context, the Foundation also recollects the more than twelve million Germans, who, in the course of the war unleashed by the National Socialist regime, had to leave the former eastern Prussian provinces and settlement areas in Central, Southeastern, and Eastern Europe.
Flight and expulsion are universal experiences. Countless people continue to feel its effects, up to the present day. In the spirit of reconciliation, the Foundation wants to make a contribution to understanding the historical causes and to condemning expulsions as a violation of human rights.
Twelve million refugees and expellees were registered in East and West Germany in 1950. They had to eke out a living under extremely difficult economic and social conditions. Cultural differences also presented a challenge to the coexistence of the locals and the new arrivals. This is also evident in the traditional clothing that some Hungarian Germans continued to wear.
© Donauschwäbisches Zentralmuseum Ulm